How to give delayed FEEDBACK in a Google Form

Google Forms has several features that can provide feedback at different times based on responses to questions. This article covers how to provide DELAYED feedback after a form is submitted. We have another article on how to give IMMEDIATE feedback during a Google Form as well. 

Some of the WHY questions for using immediate (during) or delayed Some of the WHY questions for using immediate (during) or delayed feedback (after submission) are discussed below by Christy Tucker. This article’s focus is to show HOW to provide DELAYED feedback after a Google Form is submitted. 

From Christy Tucker’s article on Immediate vs Delayed Feedback

Providing feedback after a Google Form is submitted can help a student prepare for a future assessment or improve their current score if they can retake the assessment. We will show three options to allow retakes using Settings (gear icon) -> General.

Part A: How to allow RETAKES for a Google Form (three options)

General Settings for a Google Form to allow retakes

Option 1 – Select both ‘Limit to 1 Response‘ and ‘Edit after submission

In option 1, you select both ‘Limit to 1 response‘ and ‘Edit after submit‘. When both of these options selected, a form is limited to one attempt that they can edit after submission. When a student completes a form and clicks ‘Submit’, they will see two options. The first option is to ‘View score’, and the second option is to ‘Edit your response’.

The ‘View score‘ button will show which of their responses were correct or incorrect. They can also view any feedback you provide for each question, and we cover how to do this in Part C. The  ‘Edit your response’ link allows them to retry the quiz, and all their previous responses will show and can be changed. Using these settings, an instructor will only see a student’s final score and not any information on their number of attempts. The next method will let you track how many attempts they make.  

Option 2 – Do not select ‘Limit to 1 Response‘ or ‘Edit after submission

For option 2, you do not select either ‘Limit to 1 response‘ or ‘Edit after submit‘. Now when the student submits their form, they will only see the ‘View Score‘ option.

View Score only option for Google Form

A student will be able to go back to the link for the Google Form and retake it. Using option 2, the instructor can see how many reattempts a student makes and their score for each attempt. The downside is the student must enter all their answers for each attempt.

Option 3 – Select only ‘Limit to 1 Response

A third option is to select ‘Limit to 1 response’ and not select ‘Edit after submit’. Now students are in a typical summative assessment format with only one attempt. You can require students to do corrections using the feedback from the ‘View score‘ button, and then after them, you can delete their response from the Response screen on the Google Form, allowing them a manual retake. 

Delete option for student response in Google Form

For option 3, it can be challenging to find the correct student response to delete, but you can open the email select box and use the three dots icon (⋮) with the Find option to search for a particular student’s response to delete.

Search responses to a Form using the Find option

Another option is to use a second identical/similar quiz and provide the student the URL or password for the retake Google Form once you review their corrections. This avoids the hassle of deleting their response but it can also complicate importing scores if you use the form with Google Classroom. In the next part, we will cover HOW to give feedback.

Part B: Setting up your Google Form as a Quiz

In a Google Form to provide feedback, you must set enable the QUIZ option. You can set up a Google Form as a QUIZ by going to the settings (gear icon) and selecting Quizzes.

Enabling Quiz option for a Google Form

Here you can also set what shows when a student submits a form. For a formative assessment where I want to provide feedback and allow retakes, I use the following options.

Example Formative Quiz setting for a Google Form

For a summative assessment where I do not want to provide feedback or retakes, I use these settings.

Example Summative Quiz settings for a Google Form

The rest of this article will focus on the formative type of Google Form quiz and HOW to provide feedback.

Part C: Answers and Feedback on a Google Form Quiz

Now that you have your Google Form set as a Quiz, you can provide an answer for each question and feedback.

To add feedback, select Answer Key, then Add answer feedback and complete the Add feedback dialog box. You have the option of using text, URL link, or a video for feedback. You can provide feedback for both incorrect and correct responses. The feedback you provide is shown when a student selects ‘View score‘ after submitting the form. The video below by Richard Bryne walks you through the process of adding feedback to a question.

How to add answer feedback to quizzes in Google Forms by Richard Byrne

How to give immediate FEEDBACK during a Google Form

Google Forms has several features that can provide feedback at different times based on responses to questions.

Some of the WHY questions for using immediate (during) or delayed feedback (after submission) are discussed below by Christy Tucker. The focus of this article is to show HOW to provide immediate feedback during a Google Form.

From Christy Tucker’s article on Immediate vs Delayed Feedback

Part 1 – Immediate Feedback during a Google Form

Google Forms provides two ways to provide immediate feedback. These are Branching/Go to section for MC questions or using Response validation for short answer. For a complete list of question types Forms supports see this link from Google.

Two ways to provide immediate feedback during a Google Form

I have sample forms with questions that you can use as a template for each feedback type we discuss. If you click the link above all the Google forms and a google sheet with all the article links can be added to your Google Drive. Some of the settings required in Forms are not obvious, so having an example can be helpful. In this article, I’ll describe examples for each feedback type and how I use them with my students.

Part 1.1-Branching or Go to Section

A simple way to use Branching/Go to Section is to circle back to the same MC question for incorrect responses and only move forward if the correct answer is selected.

To do this in a Google Form, I place each MC question in a section and then make a second section with the same question, letting them know they missed it and can reattempt the question. This feedback type example requires the student to select the correct response before moving on to the next question. The only difference between this and a standard MC question is using the three dots option to select ‘Go to section based on answer‘. Shuffling the option order is also fine but not required for branching.

Google Form three dots (⋮) option for ‘Go to section based on answer’

The next two images show the original question section and the retry section using the ‘Go to section’ option.

The original MC question with branching to retry the same question or go to the next question for “correct” response

I name the retry section with the question number and some text to indicate they made an incorrect selection. I then place a duplicate copy of the question in this section, and all incorrect responses go to this one retry section.

Example of retry section for Question #1

I make all the questions ‘Required‘ and you can choose to make the Form a QUIZ and give point values to each question. You can make a correct response to the original question worth a certain point value and a correct retry attempt worth fewer points. Using original and retry point values can help you understand how many attempts students are taking and discourage guessing. I use this question format for lessons and weekly assignments to gauge student completion. Here is the link to the template Google Form using the basic two-section feedback method. Another option is for each incorrect response to go to a different section with specific feedback for that response.

Kasey Bell from Shake Up Learning has a good article on using this branching ability to give specific instruction based on each response and Alice Keeler also discusses this in her article “Fast: Create a Branching Google Form“. This instruction could include a mini-lesson using text, images, or video added to a review/retry section of the form. Only students who responded a certain way would view this section. 

Example of branching flow from Kasey Bell’s article “How to Differentiate Questions with Google Forms”

Part 1.2-Response Validation

Megan Kelly’s article on Response Validation

The second method you can use for immediate feedback during a Google form is ‘Response validation‘. This feedback only works for short answer questions, and it requires the response to be a specific word(s) or numeric value before going to the next question or section. Megan Kelly has a good article on different ways this feedback option can be used.

You access ‘Response validation’ using the vertical three dots (⋮) option. This example shows using a range of values for validation with multiple correct answers based on the graph.

My Google Form template showing this feedback method is here and all the forms and articles are part of the group “Types of Feedback in Google Forms“.

Group with all Forms and Article Links

Lastly, if you have a complicated response requirement like multiple words or a phone number Google allows using a Regular Expression for the response validation. In part two of this topic, we cover feedback options after the form is submitted.

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